The combination of its location, isolation, rich biological systems, and lack of persistent human pressures make Palmyra Atoll an exceptional and unique location for a wide range of research including studies focusing on biodiversity, conservation, natural history, ecosystem restoration, marine ecosystem dynamics, biogeochemistry, climate dynamics, and atmospheric processes.

This research will help answer many questions about the ability of tropical terrestrial and marine environments to survive into the future. Developing conservation strategies based on the most integrative and contemporary scientific knowledge represents a major innovation in understanding how resources can be managed in the context of global climate change.